Down Syndrome or trisomy 21 (usually Down’s Syndrome in British English) is a genetic disorder caused by the presence of all or part of an extra 21st chromosome. It is named after John Langdon Down, the British doctor who described it in 1866. Many of the common physical features of Down syndrome also appear in people with a standard set of chromosomes. They include a single transverse palmar crease (a single instead of a double crease across one or both palms), an almond shape to the eyes caused by an epicanthic fold of the eyelid, shorter limbs and poor muscle tone.
Down’s syndrome is usually diagnosed in babies soon after birth that may have a smaller mouth, flat back of the head and below average weight and length compared to other babies. Children born with with Down’s syndrome can often expect to have a full and active life and live well into adulthood. The average life expectancy is between 50 and 60, with many living into their 70s.
Find a number of Down’s syndrome facts and resources for parents as well as official website listed here providing information and a range of resources for those with Down’s syndrome, their family and carers. Please click on the website title of your choice below to enter each individual website to find further information and their contacts.
A national charity offering support and information to people with heart problems associated with Down’s Syndrome, their families and carers. Includes a helpine, newsletters, information Pack and parent to parent contacts.
Registered charity helping people with Down’s syndrome to live full and rewarding lives. Includes a mission statement, FAQ, information and membership details.
A registered Liverpool charity providing support, information and advice to families affected by Down syndrome. Site provides newsletters, membership details and information about how to donate.
Offering a whole host of help and advice as well as numerous social activities and clubs throughout the areas of Oxford for adults and children with Down’s syndrome.
Providing details of social activities, family support and a large range of resources for individuals with Down syndrome, their family members and carers.
Dedicated to providing information and resources for parents with a baby born with Down’s Syndrome including descriptions, the three types of Down’s syndrome and expected lifespan.
A down’s syndrome forum offering advice, information a chat between members. Free to join. Doesn’t look updated but still contains many useful questions and answers.
A parent led Down’s syndrome site offering information and resources including how to get advice on screening and tests and help if you have recently had a positive diagnosis.
An active Norfolk Down’s syndrome support and social group providing support, education and social services as well as a host of information concerning Down’s syndrome.
Providing information, social activities, news and events as well as support for Down’s syndrome children and adults as well as their family and carers throughout Shropshire. Includes a calendar of events with contact details.